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A Beginner’s Guide to Golf Clubs: All You Need to Know.

Golf is a sport enjoyed by people of all ages and backgrounds around the world. While it may seem like a simple game of hitting a ball into a hole, there is much more to it than meets the eye. For beginners, the world of golf can be overwhelming, with an abundance of information and equipment to navigate.

In this blog, we’ll be focusing on one crucial aspect of the game: golf clubs. We’ll be covering everything a beginner needs to know about golf clubs, from the different types available to how to choose the right one for you.

Whether you’re just starting out or looking to improve your game, having the right golf club can make all the difference. It’s not just about having the most expensive or the newest equipment; it’s about understanding what works best for you and your swing.

We’ll be breaking down the different types of golf clubs, including drivers, irons, hybrids, wedges, and putters. We’ll also explain the key features of each club and provide tips on how to choose the right one for your needs.

By the end of this blog, you’ll have a solid understanding of golf clubs and be well on your way to choosing the perfect one for your game. So, let’s dive in and explore the world of golf clubs together.

How do you play golf for beginners?

As a beginner golfer, there are many things to consider before diving headfirst into the sport. It can be a pricey investment, so understanding your budget and level of dedication is crucial before spending any money. When it comes to buying golf clubs for beginners, it’s often better to err on the side of under-spending than overspending. As you progress in the game and become more skilled, you can always upgrade your equipment to suit your needs. Additionally, it’s a good idea to consider purchasing golf insurance if you plan on playing frequently.

Our golf club guide for beginners covers everything you need to know to get started. From the essential equipment to understanding the different types of clubs, we’ll break it down for you step by step. Before delving into the equipment, it’s crucial to understand the different types of clubs you’ll need in your bag. We’ll guide you through each one and provide advice on which clubs will work best for your game. By the end of this guide, you’ll have a solid foundation of knowledge to help you make informed decisions when purchasing golf clubs as a beginner.

What are the different types of golf clubs?

Each club has its own characteristics and is used for different elements of play.
Our golf club guide for beginners will tell you more about the most common clubs you’ll find in a golf bag. They are the following:

  • Irons
  • Driver
  • Fairway Woods
  • Hybrid club
  • Wedges
  • Putter

What are the different parts of a golf iron?

Golf clubs can be broadly divided into three components. In our golf club guide, we discuss the grip, the shaft, and the head. The grip is where you hold the club and the head is the part that is used to hit the ball. The shaft, therefore, connects the grip to the head.

Do Golf Grips make a difference?

The golf grip has evolved a lot over the years, early adopters of golf would not have had a grip on the club. In our golf club guide, we look at how early club shafts were made of wood and players would likely have worn gloves to provide some form of grip on these wooden shafts.

As time progressed and players looked for more effective methods to improve their game primitive grips would have been used. Early grips were leather strips wrapped around the top of the shaft providing better contact for the golfer. In some instances, this remained in place for many years.

beginners guide to golf. Best Golf Grips
Golf Grips Can Transform Your Game

However, the modern grips are a single price of rubber/synthetic material that is secured over the top of the shaft using some form of glue or adhesive to hold it in place.

How often should I replace my golf grips?

If you’re playing 1-2 times a week your grips will probably last up to 12 months, this will take a reasonable amount of practice time into consideration. If you’re playing 3-4 times a week you might need to change your grips after around 6 months. There are so many different types of golf grip available nowadays that it is well worth investigating which type of grip would assist you best with your game.

The golf grip is continually evolving with modern golfers looking for ways to refine their game and look for marginal gains to improve. The 2020 US Open Champion Bryson De-Chambeau, who is regarded for his scientific approach to the game uses extremely thick grips, Jumbo Max Grips, the largest grips commercially available.

beginners guide to golf. Jumbo Max Grips for Beginners
Grip size can have a big impact on your golf game

He has also made his irons all the same length 37.5” the length of a 6 iron, in an aim to take the margin of error from his game, but we won’t get into that just yet. If you are interested in finding out more once you’ve read our golf club guide for beginners, why not have a look at our top suggestions for the best grips available to transform your game?

What do the different irons do in Golf?

Iron clubs are the most important components of your club set in this beginner golf club guide… Equipped with 3,4,5,6,7,8 and 9 iron, not including wedges which are explained further below, they are used to cover medium distances between 215 and 130 yards. Modern golf sets however make use of Fairway woods and hybrid clubs, described below, in place of the lower numbered irons as these are generally more forgiving, versatile, and easier to hit.

In the past golfers would have used irons numbered 1-3 for the longer approach shots onto the green as opposed to the fairway woods. These longer irons are notoriously difficult to hit golfer Lee Trevino, when asked about the 1 iron, was famously quoted as saying:

“If your caught in a storm and are afraid of lightning, hold up a 1 iron. Even God can’t hit a 1 iron”

Lee Trevino

Choosing the right Irons can transform your game

With all joking aside, choosing the right club for your approach to the green or flag is especially important. As a beginner golfer, you should take some time in practice, either on the course or at the driving range, to find out what distances you hit each club. Keep reading our golf club guide for beginners to find out more.

The last thing you want is to hit an amazing drive into the middle of the fairway only to seriously under or over-hit your approach shot making a mess of your score! To assist you in choosing the right club this is why they are numbered.

What do the numbers mean on the bottom of a golf club?

The numbers on the bottom of clubs provide an easy way for golfers to identify which clubs they should select for their shots. They distinguish the degree of loft the clubs have.

beginners guide to golf. Beginner Golf 2 Iron
Long Irons are hard to hit for beginner golfers!

The higher numbers have a higher degree of loft and the lower numbers have a lower degree of loft and carry the ball longer distances. For example, the 5 iron which has a loft of 27 degrees will have an average yardage of 160 yards.

It is designed to hit the ball a long distance and take the ball flight over a lower height trajectory. In contrast, the 9 iron has a club loft of 42 degrees and will have an average yardage of 120 yards, but the ball will have a much higher flight path due to the amount of loft on the club face and it will take a shorter amount of distance for the ball to reach the maximum height trajectory.

Our beginner golf club guide, helps with choosing which is the perfect club for the next shot to approach the green or flag.

Beginner Golf Club guide distance chart for beginners

As part of our golf club guide for beginners, we’ve included a really helpful quick reference golf club distance chart. This will help guide you to the differences between the loft and the distances of the clubs in your golf bag.

The guide to beginner golf distance chart
Golf Iron Distance Guide

Should I use one-length golf irons?

As mentioned earlier ‘one-length’ irons are becoming immensely popular at the moment. This is in part due to Golfers such as De-Chambeau who have made all of their irons the same length as a 6 iron, 37.5”. He has seen lots of benefits from this winning PGA events and the US Open 2020. They can help you if you struggle to hit your longer irons as they are all the same length. Remember however that he has been playing with these his whole career so it might take you some time to get used to them if you’ve not tried this type of club before. Our advice if you are struggling with longer irons would be to test out some hybrid clubs first of all as these are designed to help with this situation.

In our golf club guide for beginners, we advise that you should probably take some time to hit a standard set of golf irons before making the decision to have a ‘one length’ set. This way you will be able to make a more informed decision. Many golf shops and outlet stores will offer a free custom fitting service for golfers looking to purchase a new set. Companies like American Golf do this extremely well and you are given a full run-down of what your specific requirements are.

For a new golfer, I would recommend this as a pre-requisite before making your first purchase. If you’d like to find out more about Custom Fitting why not read more in our article on this subject?

What do I need to know about the Golf Driver?

A driver is the longest club used by a golfer; nowadays it is also the most expensive club in the bag. The driver is used from the tee box, to hit the ball as far as you can as your first shot to make sure your second shot gives you a shorter distance to the green. You would use a tee peg to hit the ball and in most cases, the ball would be teed up quite high to allow you to get the ball airborne.

beginners guide to golf. Best Driver for Golfers

Why is a golf driver so hard to hit?

This club is one of the most difficult to hit, usually due to the length of the club and the distance you are standing away from the ball. Therefore we see that this alone can provide a larger margin for error with this club. Therefore, when choosing a driver to buy you need to make sure you’ve had the chance to practice with it first in the first place. Many golf shops and outlets will allow this either in the indoor swing analysis area or on the nearby driving range.

These golf clubs are very difficult to use for beginners. So, beginners face the tough challenge to choose the appropriate driver for their game. Several things must be considered when choosing your driver. Read more of our golf guide for beginners to find out about drivers.

Golfers love to hit long distances; the driver is the perfect club that delivers greater distances. With advances in technology, golf drivers nowadays can hit incredibly long distances. The club heads are made from metal alloys or advanced materials replacing the wooden counterparts of earlier times. These clubs remain to be referred to as ‘woods’ though, even though the material has evolved away from wooden material.

Beginners guide to golf driving
How long drives can transform your game?

Over the last few years, several manufacturers of golf equipment have adopted the technology of adjustable drivers that allow players to set up various attributes of the club to make it more customized. The adjustable drivers enable a golfer to vary the loft angles across wide ranges and adjust the angle of the club face, lie angle, and the gravitational center of your club head.

There are some important things for a beginner golfer to consider when choosing the best golf driver. I’ve listed below some of the key differences you can choose to have a more custom driver.

What size of driver Club head do I need?

If you have just begun to play golf beginners should use drivers having a large 460cc club head; these drivers have been around for the past few years, and it is the maximum permissible size in the USGA rules of golf. Drivers having bigger club heads can help you improve your golf to a great extent due to the ‘sweet spot’ being larger and providing a better chance of the ball going in the right direction.

In this golf guide for beginners, we can tell you that these golf clubs are capable of producing the best shots, even if you do not hit the ball perfectly modern technology can help you achieve exceptionally long drives. You should take some time to practice with drivers with a larger head as these can sometimes feel difficult to swing for some inexperienced beginners.

Beginners guide to golf.  drivers
How to Choose a Driver for a beginner golfer

What Flex Clubs do you need?

Other than choosing the perfect driver, you must pair the driver with clubs having a stiff or extra hard flex club shaft.

This relates to how flexible the shaft of the club will be when you complete the swing. If you have a slower swing speed. Maybe for beginners, juniors or women golfers, you might be better off with a regular flex club shaft. There is also the option of a stiff or extra stiff shaft flex which makes the shaft less flexible when being swung.

In this golf guide for beginners, we want to explain that this is helpful for those who have a faster swing speed. It will ensure that the club head can connect correctly with the golf ball at the bottom of your swing and ensure you hit the ball the longest possible distance. Graphite club shafts are another option as an alternative to steel shafts.

Graphite provides more consistency to the golfer to hit the golf ball. Have a look at the below chart to provide some insight into how swing speed affects the type of club flex you’ll require.

What flex golf club do I need?

Follow this guide below to check if your club flex is right for your swing speed:

Shot Distance Clubhead Speed Shaft Flex
180 to 200 yards 75 to 85 mph Senior
200 to 240 yards 85 to 95 mph Regular
240 to 275 yards 95 to 110 mph Stiff/Firm
Understanding Club Flex Can Improve Your Game

What is the importance of Loft in drivers?

Beginners normally tend to forget about this aspect while purchasing a driver. In this beginner’s golf club guide, we will find out that golfers must choose the driver having a high loft because the shot will be impacted by side spin if the ball is hit with a club having a lower loft. The lower loft clubs generally harder for new golfers to get airborne. If the ball flies higher and straighter from the tee your game will further improve. In this beginner golf club guide, the average PGA touring professional driver loft in 2020 averaged between 9.5 to 10.5 degrees.

beginners guide to golf. Best Driver for Golfers
The best beginner golfer driver

What size golf grip do I need?

As discussed earlier in this post a good grip helps a golfer to control their club properly when hitting the ball. The golfer’s hands work in tandem to develop suitable swing speed along with delivering the club head at a squared angle on the ball, thereby making accurate shots. The better your grip of the club the better the results of your swing.


Should I buy a fairway wood or a hybrid?

Read our recent article on the best budget hybrid clubs if you’re looking for a hybrid club at the best price. These clubs have a head that is slightly smaller than the driver and have a higher degree of loft. They are designed for hitting the golf ball longer distances off the ground to cover distances of between 180 – 220 yards depending on the club type.

The aerodynamic shape and twist face technology make this great at correcting miss-hits. Fairway Woods can have a big impact on your game by allowing you to easily hit the ball to the green or surrounding area from a longer distance. The design of these clubs means that they are generally easier to hit than the longer irons, and for this reason, have become a regular part of golfers’ bags.


Hybrids, not to be confused with fairway woods are also good beginners. With longer irons so hard to hit for beginner golfers hybrid golf clubs have become increasingly popular. The small club face and low club trajectory for these types of clubs are much easier to hit from both the fairway and the rough. As these are generally easier to hit and more forgiving for the beginner golfer, some golf equipment companies have produced hybrid versions of their entire set from long irons all the way to the wedges.

Beginners guide to golf. Hybrids can improve a beginners game
Hybrids are a popular choice for modern golfers


Wedges are irons too, but golfers think of wedges as a subset of irons or as specialized irons. In other words, they are often considered the most used category of golf clubs.

Having the wrong golf wedge can leave you struggling on the golf course and exposed, having the best golf wedge can save you a lot more than you think. In this beginner golf club guide, we will find more about how to improve your game.

beginners guide to golf Happy Gilmore
The best wedges for beginner golfers

“You spend more time in the sand than David Hasselhoff!”

The wedge is used around the green and for approach shots to the flag usually from within 120 yards. Although the different types of wedges may look similar their features and uses are very different.

There are four main classes of wedge, and each has its own strengths and abilities. Let’s explain a little more about the history of wedges.

Beginners guide to Golf how the wedge was designed
Sarazen was the inventor of the wedge

Gene Sarazen, an American professional golfer during the 1930s and ’40s is widely credited with inventing the style for the modern wedge. In the past, the irons used in the bunkers and around the green would have a very little loft and be more of a blade-style club. This made it difficult to get under the ball in the sand and allow the ball to sop in the green without running. Sarazen developed his wedge using the equivalent of a 9 iron and giving it a higher degree of loft, he also built it up under the base of the club to allow a better swing through sand or grass. This club assisted Sarazen on his way to winning Major golf tournaments in Britain and America.

Mickelson is the master of flop shots!

What is a golf, Putter?

Putters are not used for hitting the ball long distances, they are precision clubs that are used to putter the ball into the hole along the ground from the green or fringe areas of the green.

What are the different types of putter?

There are 3 different types of putter for you to choose from:

  • Mallet Putter
  • Cavity Backed Putter
  • Blade Putter

As part of this beginner golf club guide, we find out that the putter is an under-rated club for many golfers in their bag. If you can’t put the ball in the hole, you’ll never reduce your handicap or take some money from your playing partners.

Beginners guide to golf putters
Putters can transform your game

Why not check out our article on the Best 5 Putters to improve your game? If you are going to invest in your golf I would always recommend spending slightly more on your putter.

You drive for show, but putt for dough!

Bobby Locke


So you’ve now read this golf guide for beginners and how the different types of golf clubs you might need in your bag will help your game. Now you need to decide which ones are the best ones for you. As you start playing more regularly you’ll probably need to think about golf insurance just in case you have any offline shots towards someone’s house…check out the article here.


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